All About Guinea Pigs
A guinea pig is an adorable little creature that makes a great pet. An adult guinea pig measures about 10 inches long, and it weighs around two or three pounds. It is not an aggressive animal; therefore, it can be a wonderful companion for kids. It is a sociable creature that seeks the attention and company of humans, and it is very responsive to gestures of affection, such as patting. A guinea pig is also a quiet animal, and it emits very little odor. It enjoys staying clean and being groomed.
There are a number of places where guinea pigs can be bought or adopted, and these include pet shops, breeders, and rescues. Pet shops are the most convenient places to buy guinea pigs, but they are certainly not the best option. Most pet shops sell inferior breeds, or they do not provide hygienic and ideal living conditions for guinea pigs. Breeders offer high quality guinea pigs that are brought up in healthy environments. Local pet shows or agricultural shows are great places to look for breeders. Good quality guinea pigs can also be found in animal rescues. These centers take various measures, including medical check-ups, to ensure that their guinea pigs are healthy and well-socialized.
When selecting a guinea pig, there are a few things to look out for. Make sure that the guinea pig looks healthy and fit, and its body is firm when it is held. The eyes should be clear, lively, and bright, without injury or any discharge, and the nose should not produce any sound that implies difficulty in breathing. The guinea pig should have even front teeth, and it should not be drooling. Its coat should be clean and shiny, and it should not have any bald patches. Also, look out for fleas and lice. Check the skin to make sure there are no breaks, pimples, or dandruff.
To house a guinea pig, an enclosure that is about 30 cm high is required. The ideal floor area of enclosure should be 2 feet by 2 feet, but more space is needed if there is more than one guinea pig. If two guinea pigs are placed in the same enclosure, make sure they are both of the same sex, because guinea pigs of the opposite sex do not live well together. The enclosure can be made of plastic, wood, or metal, and wood shavings can be used as bedding. There should be small wooden or cardboard boxes in the enclosure to serve as hiding places for the guinea pig, as well as a food dish and sipper bottle. It is also a good idea to get some chew toys for the guinea pig, because it may start chewing things in its habitat when it gets bored.
Guinea pigs only feed on vegetables, grass, and fruits. Some of the types of food that provide good nutrition for guinea pigs are peas, carrots, apples, spinach, green peppers, pears, clover, dandelion leaves, corn, cucumbers, celery, oranges, melons, parsley, and others. A twice daily diet of four or five of these vegetables and fruits will be ideal. Hay should also be fed to the guinea pig to increase fiber content in its diet, and pelleted feed with high vitamin C content should also be given.
A number of things are needed to groom a guinea pig, and these include bath shampoo, claw clipper, touch brush, pet wipes, and others. To keep a guinea pig under control in the outdoors, a leash may also be necessary.
Here is a list of the most common types of guinea pigs:
Abyssinian Guinea Pig: This type of guinea pig can be easily distinguished, since it has rosette patterns on its fur. It is known to be quite playful, but it can be trained to respond to its name and do other things.
American Guinea Pig: This breed has a short coat, and it can come in a wide variety of colors. It can grow up to the size of a small dog and live up to eight to ten years.
Coronet Guinea Pig: The Coronet has long hair, and it is easily recognizable because of the rosette on its head. It is a mischievous and curious breed that needs a lot of attention.
Peruvian Guinea Pig: This guinea pig has flowing hair that can grow to a maximum length of two feet. Its rump has one rosette on each side. The Peruvian is very curious and alert.
Silkie Guinea Pig: The Silkie also has long hair, but not as long as the Peruvian’s. It comes in a wide range of colors.