All About Golden Retrievers

The Golden Retriever originated in the Scottish Highlands in the 1800’s where hunting was not only a revered sport, but a necessary way to find food. Lord Tweedmouth developed the Golden Retriever on his estate because he wanted a dog that could effectively hunt game in and out of the water, while maneuvering the rugged terrains of Scotland. He bred his Yellow Retriever with a Tweed Water Spaniel (now extinct) to create a superb hunting dog. Later on, the Irish Setter, Bloodhound, and more Water Spaniel breeds were cross-bred to create the Golden Retriever most people are familiar with today.

Golden Retriever Appearance

The Golden Retriever is a mid-sized sporting dog. The males are typically 23 to 24 inches in height, and weigh 65 to 80 pounds. Female Golden Retrievers are 21 to 22 inches in height, and weigh 55 to 65 pounds. The Golden Retriever’s mid-length, dense, water-repellent coat can be various shades of golden, and either strait, or slightly wavy. The coat sheds seasonally, so it needs to be brushed regularly to maintain its beauty and shine. And the dark eyes of Golden Retrievers hold the expressions of wisdom, and friendliness.

Genetic Health Conditions

If Golden Retrievers are cared for properly, these dogs can have a lifespan of up to 12 years – sometimes longer. Unfortunately, the popularity of these canines leads many breeders and puppy mills to be careless with their breeding practices. This puts many Golden Retrievers at risk for a multitude of health conditions such as hip and elbow dysplasia, several types of cancer, skin allergies, cataracts, heart defects, haemophilia, and glaucoma.

Golden Retriever Characteristics

According to the American Kennel Club’s (AKC) registration statistics, the golden retriever is one of the most popular dog breeds in the United States, and for good reasons. Well-bred Golden Retrievers are easy to train, and have great attitudes about life. Golden retrievers are intelligent, eager to please, patient, hardworking, loyal, mild tempered, and obedient.

The admirable characteristics of Golden retrievers make this breed of dog highly sought after in various industries of service. They can be used as therapy dogs, on search and rescue teams, and as assistance dogs for the disabled. The gentle nature of Golden Retrievers also makes them excellent pets for families with children.  

 Golden Retriever Care

Just like all animals, Golden Retrievers need access to fresh food and water daily. Although these canine companions are not hyper active, they do have plenty of energy, and need regular exercise to maintain their health. Golden Retriever owners should also keep their pooches’ shots up-to-date, and take them to the vet for regularly scheduled checkups.

Golden Retrievers are beautiful, fun-loving, and make wonderful additions to families with kids. But as with a lot of dogs, Golden Retrievers often end up in shelters because people sometimes underestimate the time, and commitment required to care for them. So if you’re thinking about adding a Golden Retriever to your family, check with your local animal shelter to see if they have one in need of a good home. 

Further Resources: